Macular degeneration also called age-related macular degeneration or AMD is a leading cause of irreversible vision loss among Americans over 60. It can significantly reduce your ability to perform tasks that require you to see fine details or leave you with only peripheral vision. Our eye doctor at Swift Optical performs comprehensive eye exams and recommends treatment to patients in Massena, Canton, Norfolk, Potsdam, and Norwood whose central vision is affected by this eye disease. There is no cure for AMD and although it does not cause total blindness, we can help to slow its progression, improve visual acuity, and prevent total loss of central vision.
What Causes AMD?
The macula is the central part of the eye's retina. It regulates central vision and helps you to read, see fine details, and recognize colors and faces. Degeneration is caused by a gradual deterioration due to abnormal blood vessel growth in the retina. AMD can be “wet" or "dry", but dry AMD is more common and more likely to cause serious vision loss in its advanced stages. Risk factors for this eye disease include genetics, obesity, light eye color, high blood pressure, and smoking.
Macular Degeneration Symptoms
When the macula deteriorates, it cannot receive images correctly. However, vision loss is not usually noticeable until the late stages or when both eyes are affected. Common symptoms are:
- Blurred or "fuzzy" vision
- Reduced perception of color
- Total loss of central vision
- Trouble reading in low light
- Lines appear wavy or distorted
- Yellow deposits (drusens) on the retina
- Dark or "blind spots" in the middle of your vision
Macular Degeneration Eye Care in Massena, NY
Macular degeneration is best detected and treated in its early stage. Our eye doctor will dilate your eyes to check for drusens and determine how much vision loss occurred. Based on the results, these treatments may be recommended to help prevent further vision loss:
- Low Vision Aids: We offer single-vision and bifocal reading glasses.
- Photodynamic Therapy: A medication is injected into the bloodstream. Shining a laser light into the eye activates the drug, which seals off the abnormal blood vessels under the macula.
- Anti-Angiogenesis Drugs: To block new abnormal blood vessels from developing.
- Photocoagulation: Laser light seals the leaking blood vessels to stop further macula damage.
Our optometrist may also recommend you quit smoking, eat healthily, take vitamins, use good lighting, avoid harsh blue light, and wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from harmful UV rays. We have a wide selection of sunglasses to suit your needs. Eye surgery may be required in severe cases of AMD.
Control Macular Degeneration by Visiting Our Eye Doctor Today!
Our optometrist can help prevent your world from becoming a blur. Patients in Massena, Canton, Norfolk, Potsdam, and Norwood, NY can visit Swift Optical or call us at (315) 276-3335 to schedule an appointment.